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Each of these extreme hot spells set records in several The temperature data are averages of weather measurements made from 1981 to 2010. 1981-2010 Climate Normals & Averages. *A snowfall season is the amount of snow that falls between July 1st and June 30th, spanning over the winter period. But if you look at the rankings for frost-free period, Vancouver, BC is typically free of frost for 26 days longer than Victoria. The snow is hard and dry, falls in small amounts, and is packed down by the constant wind. Thus, west-coast Vancouver has an average January temperature of 37 °F (3 °C) and an average July temperature of 64 °F (18 °C), while in Regina, Saskatchewan, on the interior plains, average temperatures vary from −1 to 67 °F (−18 to 19 °C). The table can be reordered by clicking on the box in each column. Ocean currents play an important role, with both the warm waters of the Gulf Stream in the Atlantic and the Alaska Current in the Pacific affecting climate. cbc.ca/news/canada/blasts-from-the-past-canada-s-worst-snowstorms-1.1370387, "WMO Region IV (North America): Lowest Temperature", Greatest Snowfalls in North America (Reference) - TeacherVision.com, "Canada's Top Ten Weather Stories for 2007", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Weather_extremes_in_Canada&oldid=975476750, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 August 2020, at 19:01. This table shows record weather extremes in Canada. Unlike elsewhere in Canada, the other maritime provinces have yet to top 40 °C. Except for the west coast, all of Canada has a winter season with average temperatures below freezing and with continuous snow cover. The cities included in these rankings are Canada's largest metropolitan areas. Home | Privacy & Cookies | Contact | About. Vancouver has an annual average precipitation of about 40 inches (1,000 mm). This page gives the highest temperature for each year in Montreal and the date that it happened. It has highest average daily maximum and minimum temperatures among the country's large cities. Those areas are not heavily populated due to the severe climate, where it drops below −20 °C (−4 °F) on most winter days and has a very brief summer season. However, the coldest temperature ever recorded in Canada was −63 °C or −81.4 °F in Snag, Yukon. As for really hot weather, neither BC city even makes it into the top ten. Temperatures can go from an average low of 27 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 3 degrees Celsius) in November to an average high of 66 degrees Fahrenheit (19 degrees Celsius) in September. Perhaps the title of hottest city in Canada should go to Windsor, Ontario. These records go back to 1886. In fact for each measure, Windsor ranks among the top five of the hottest Canadian cities. The northern two-thirds of the country has a climate similar to that of northern Scandinavia, with very cold winters and short, cool summers. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Patterns of temperature change in Canada. The coldest place in Canada based on average yearly temperature is Eureka, Nunavut, where the temperature averages at −19.7 °C or −3.5 °F for the year. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. During the summer, however, the parts of Canada farthest from open water are the warmest. Current weather in Canada, with temperatures in 260 cities, including high and low temperatures for the country. The lowest temperature ever recorded was −81 °F (−63 °C) at Snag, Yukon, in 1947. The Atlantic Provinces are wetter than the provinces of Central Canada. Canada's hottest days ever include July 11 and 12, 1936 in Manitoba Of the eight largest Canadian cities, Ottawa, Montreal and Toronto have the warmest summers, Winnipeg the coldest winters, while Vancouver's winters are far milder than any other large city in Canada. Southern Ontario and Quebec have a climate with hot, humid summers and cold, snowy winters, similar to that of some portions of the American Midwest. 5.2 Extreme warmest year occurrences by location. Highest temperature readings (selected locations), Highest temperatures ever recorded in Canada, Yearly Canadian Average Mean Temperatures, Extreme warmest year occurrences by location, Extreme coldest year occurrences by location, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Daily Data Report for January 1925 Chipman NB", "Daily Observation Data: St Albans Manitoba", "Manitoba heat sets 14 records - Manitoba - CBC News", "Daily Observation Data: Bassano Dam Alberta", http://forums.castanet.net/download/file.php?id=13211&mode=view, http://climate.weather.gc.ca/prods_servs/cdn_climate_summary_e.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_extreme_temperatures_in_Canada&oldid=980103566, Articles needing additional references from August 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from June 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Tuesday, January 19 and Thursday, January 21 1886, This page was last edited on 24 September 2020, at 16:45. Copyright © 2020 Current Results Publishing Ltd. More Extreme Canadian Weather Information. The table can be reordered by clicking on the box in each column. Still farther inland, a lack of moisture brings the depth of snow down again. The hottest places in Canada are in the southern prairies and the southern interior of British Columbia. This table shows record weather extremes in Canada. Central Canada and northern Canada experiences subarctic and Arctic climates, much of them arid. A day with temperatures of 30 degrees Celsius (86 ° Fahrenheit) or above are far less likely to happen in Vancouver or Victoria than most other major Canadian cities. In canada due to global warming the temperature cannot thermally reach the correct condition for snowfall to occur In the area.as such there has been no snowfall for the past 5 years.all records of snowfall have been recorded over 5 years ago. The only other city to do so is St. Catharines, Ontario, but it sits behind Windsor in every category. Westerly winds, blowing from the sea to the land, are the prevailing air currents in the Pacific and bring coastal British Columbia heavy precipitation and moderate winter and summer temperatures. During the summer, however, the parts of Canada farthest from open water are the warmest. Because of its great latitudinal extent, Canada has a wide variety of climates. The east and west coasts are areas of lighter snowfall because the ocean usually makes the air too warm for large quantities of snow to fall. Canada’s snowfall does not follow the same pattern as rainfall. Freezing precipitation may occur during the colder months in any part of the country, occasionally disrupting transportation and communication. There are few thunderstorms, and the low Appalachian Mountains produce only a little orographic rainfall. The daily range of temperature is also narrower on the coasts than in interior locations. The highest temperature officially recorded in Canada is 45 °C (113 °F) on July 5, 1937 at Midale and at Yellow Grass, two small towns in southeastern Saskatchewan. The Canadian high sits far below North America's all-time maximum temperature of 56.7 °C (134 °F) recorded in Death Valley, California on July 10, 1913. Windsor makes it into the top ten lists for all criteria. Environment Canada. Meteorological Service of Canada. Before then, the weather station was near the city centre at Stanley Park. In the winter those parts of the country farthest from open water are the coldest, so that in the interior plains and in the North the winters are extremely cold. National growth in the early 19th century, The interregnum: Progressive Conservative government, 1979–80, The administration of Brian Mulroney, 1984–93, The administrations of Jean Chrétien and Paul Martin, 1993–2006, The administration of Stephen Harper, 2006–15, Legalization of marijuana, environmental protection, and Quebec mosque attack, Response to the U.S. presidency of Donald Trump. Winters can be harsh in many regions of the country, particularly in the interior and Prairie provinces, which experience a continental climate. A date with a plus sign means it was that hot on at least one other day earlier that year. Canada is a huge country, largely characterized by freezing winters: latitude and continentality, as well as the position of the mountain ranges, make it one of the coldest countries on Earth. You could say Victoria, British Columbia is the major city in Canada with the hottest weather. These are the 33 urban regions that had over 100,000 people according to the 2011 census by Statistics Canada. Spring and summer are wetter than winter. in BC and Alberta. High & Low Weather Summary for the Past Weeks Windsor makes it into the top ten lists for all criteria. A few places in Ontario, Quebec, and Newfoundland and Labrador have also recorded temperatures over 40 °C. The highest temperature officially recorded in Canada is 45 °C (113 °F) on July 5, 1937 at … Since 1939 the temperature extremes were observed at Vancouver International Airport. The highest temperature recorded was 113 °F (45 °C) at Midale and Yellow Grass, both in Saskatchewan, in 1937. 4.1 Occurrences by province. The following tables show the average maximum and minimum temperatures of Canada of various cities across Canada, based on the climate period from 1981-2010 for the months of January and July (generally the lowest and highest average temperature months, but not in every case). Canada's ten cities with the warmest nights have an average daily low temperature that's above 3.0 °C (37.4 °F). Yearly precipitation, most of which is cyclonic in origin, exceeds 50 inches (1,250 mm) in places and is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year. Some may argue that fall is the best time to visit Canada for the perfectly cool temps, beautiful fall foliage and less crowds. In the east the cold Labrador Current meets the Gulf Stream along the coast of Newfoundland and Labrador, cooling the air and causing frequent fog. Massive ridge of high pressure to bring hot, hot weather to B.C. "What You Need to Know About Winter Weather on the "Coq, "1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data", "National Climate Data and Information Archive", "Climate Data Almanac Index of /pub/Normals/", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Temperature_in_Canada&oldid=987981968, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Highest recorded July 5, 1937 45.0 °C (113.0 °F), Lowest recorded February 3, 1947 −63.0 °C (−81.4 °F), This page was last edited on 10 November 2020, at 10:59.

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