The uneven surface of the delta contains a network of existing and abandoned channels. The river rises in the southwestern Tibet Autonomous Region of China near Lake Mapam at an elevation of about 18,000 feet (5,500 metres). In a short clip from the web video series, Crash Course in World History, John Green gives a condensed overview of the ancient civilization of the Indus River Valley. High levels of pollutants in the river have led to the deaths of endangered Indus river dolphin. For the Bronze Age civilisation, see, "Indus" and "Sindhu" redirect here. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Thank you! The Rigveda describes several rivers, including one named "Sindhu". Downriver from around Thakot, Tarbela, the Kabul–Indus river confluence, Attock Khurd and Peshawar the diversity rises strongly, including many cyprinids (Amblypharyngodon, Aspidoparia, Barilius, Chela, Cirrhinus, Crossocheilus, Cyprinion, Danio, Devario, Esomus, Garra, Labeo, Naziritor, Osteobrama, Pethia, Puntius, Rasbora, Salmophasia, Securicula and Systomus), true loaches (Botia and Lepidocephalus), stone loaches (Acanthocobitis and Nemacheilus), ailiid catfish (Clupisoma), bagridae catfish (Batasio, Mystus, Rita and Sperata), airsac catfish (Heteropneustes), schilbid catfish (Eutropiichthys), silurid catfish (Ompok and Wallago), sisorid catfish (Bagarius, Gagata, Glyptothorax and Sisor), gouramis (Trichogaster), nandid leaffish (Nandus), snakeheads (Channa), spiny eel (Macrognathus and Mastacembelus), knifefish (Notopterus), glassfish (Chanda and Parambassis), clupeids (Gudusia), needlefish (Xenentodon) and gobies (Glossogobius), as well as a few introduced species. The Sindh Environmental Protection Agency has ordered polluting factories around the river to shut down under the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997.
The Indus river and its watershed has a rich biodiversity. After receiving the waters of the Punjab rivers, the Indus becomes much larger, and during the flood season (July to September) it is several miles wide. Modern irrigation was introduced by the British East India Company in 1850 – the construction of modern canals accompanied with the restoration of old canals. Indus River, Lab-e-Mehran Road, Old Sukkur, Sukkur, Shikārpur District, Sindh, Pakistan ( 27.70088 68.88769 ) The Indus is the most important supplier of water resources to the Punjab and Sindh plains – it forms the backbone of agriculture and food production in Pakistan. 3,180 km (1,980 mi) as Mapped. The Indus valley regions are arid with poor vegetation. From its source in the Tibetan plateau the Indus river initially flows north west before bending south to flow south west through Pakistan to the Arabian sea.
The Kabul River joins it near Attock. "Indus Valley" redirects here. Extent and major sites of the Indus Valley Civilization. The Indus river feeds the Indus submarine fan, which is the second largest sediment body on the Earth. Irrigation canals were first built by the people of the Indus Valley Civilisation, and later by the engineers of the Kushan Empire and the Mughal Empire. The Kotri Barrage near Hyderabad is 915 metres (3,000 ft) long and provides additional water supplies for Karachi. Dbachmann, . It is one of the longest rivers in the world, with a length of some 2,000 miles (3,200 km). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. , Frequently, Indus river is prone to moderate to severe flooding. The Indus River (called Sindhū in Sanskrit with derived names in most Indic languages) is one of the main rivers of the Indo-Gangetic Plain in the Indian subcontinent. Modern irrigation was introduced by the British East India Companyin 1850 – the construction of modern canals accompanie… It flows swiftly across Hazara and is dammed at the Tarbela Reservoir. Author of.
The river’s annual flow is about 58 cubic miles (243 cubic km)—twice that of the Nile River and three times that of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers combined.
It flows through China (western Tibet), India, and Pakistan. Sênggê Zangbo, Senge Khabab) or "Lion's Mouth", a perennial spring, not far from the sacred Mount Kailash marked by a long low line of Tibetan chortens. In ancient times, "India" initially referred to those regions immediately along the east bank of the Indus, but by 300 BC, Greek writers including Herodotus and Megasthenes were applying the term to the entire subcontinent that extends much farther eastward.. Among the settlements were the major urban centres of Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, as well as Lothal, Dholavira, Ganeriwala, and Rakhigarhi. Euratlas online World Atlas: geographic or hydrographic of the major rivers of the world.  In response to the levees construction, the river has been aggrading rapidly over the last 20 years leading to breaches upstream of barrages and inundation of large areas.. "Lion River" or Lion Spring) in Tibetan, 印度 (Yìndù) in Chinese, Nilab in Turki and සින්දු නදී (Sindhu Nadi) in Sinhalese.  This has reduced the flow of water and by 2018, the average annual flow of water below the Kotri barrage was 33 billion cubic metres (43 billion cubic yards), and annual amount of silt discharged was estimated at 100 million tonnes (98 million long tons). Indus River c 1065.  Going downstream these are soon joined by the golden mahseer Tor putitora (alternatively T. macrolepis, although it often is regarded as a synonym of T. putitora) and Schistura loaches.
Indus River, Tibetan and Sanskrit Sindhu, Sindhi Sindhu, or Mehran, great trans-Himalayan river of South Asia.  Heavy rains had left the river basin along with the Lake Manchar, Lake Hemal and Kalri Lake (all in modern-day Pakistan) inundated.
Pakistan constructed the Tarbela Dam near Rawalpindi – standing 2,743 metres (9,000 ft) long and 143 metres (470 ft) high, with an 80-kilometre (50 mi) long reservoir.
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