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Tamil commercial companies with their song and dance extravaganzas have dominated Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, and Mysore. The Sanskrit word's origin is unclear, but it might come from a Dravidian word meaning "fragrant." The seeds of the caraway plant, a member of the parsley family, have an anise-like taste and are used to flavor desserts, cheese, Indian rice dishes, and other foods. Author of. The name of the town of Orange in France (see Orangemen) perhaps was deformed by the name of the fruit. The Tamil writing system evolved from the Brahmi script. According to the OED, the carob pod is “generally identified with the ‘husks’ eaten by the prodigal in the parable, Luke 15:16; and by some taken to be the ‘locusts’ eaten by John the Baptist, whence the names locust-pods, and St. John's bread.” Carob entered English in the mid-1500s, from Old French carobe, from medieval Latin carrubia, from Arabic kharrūba. If the Tamil typing is on, type in phonetic English and it will be automagically translated into Tamil. Coffee comes from Arabic qahwah, meaning coffee or wine, perhaps originally “dark stuff.” The word entered European languages about 1600 from Turkish kahve. In one of The Canterbury Tales, Chaucer describes Sir Thopas: “His heer, his berd was lyk saffroun.” The origin of the word is Arabic za‛farān. Following the Norman Conquest, some of them entered English. Spoken Tamil has changed substantially over time, including changes in the phonological structure of words. In 19th-century England, sherbet came to mean a sweet, fizzy drink. Again, while more than 90 percent of the Sinhalese are Buddhists, both Sri Lankan and Indian Tamils are overwhelmingly Hindu. Listing few below. It is the official language of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the union territory of Puducherry. Of the four literary languages in the Dravidian family, Tamil is the oldest, with examples dating to the early Common Era. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. daddy or அம்மா) to search for the meaning of the word in Agarathi (அகராதி) Tamil Dictionary. Although the powder was made by grinding various minerals, alcohol came to mean any fine powder or a distilled essence or spirit. Regional varieties of the language intersect with varieties that are based on social class or caste. It may have passed into English through Italian caffè or Dutch koffie. The cosmetic was still used in North Africa and the Middle East when the word entered English in the 1500s. Vice Chancellor emeritus, University of Hyderabad. The word originally referred not to intoxicating drink, but to enticing eye make-up. Tamil language, member of the Dravidian language family, spoken primarily in India. The word's use as a color name doesn't crop up for another 200 years, in … Some of these words spread to other European languages, including French. Tamil inscription, 11th century, from the Brihadisvara temple in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India. In the late 16th century, English got the word sorbet from French, which got it from Italian sorbetto, which came from Turkish shorbet, which goes back to sharbah, the same Arabic word that is the origin of sherbet. Old Spanish albarcoque came from Spanish Arabic al-borcoque, from Arabic al-burqūq. This word has a baroque history. In the early 21st century, Tamil was spoken by more than 66 million people, mostly residing in India, northern Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore,…, …Sinhalese is Sinhala—an Indo-Aryan language—the Tamils speak the Dravidian language of Tamil. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Like the other Dravidian languages, Tamil is characterized by a series of retroflex consonants (/ḍ/, /ṇ/, and /ṭ/) made by curling the tip of the tongue back to the roof of the mouth. Corrections? The word came into English from Anglo-Norman about 1400. Is Spanish the official language of Andorra? The tree's original range probably was northern India. Sometimes, though, the words traveled other routes from Arabic to English. One of the most outstanding Tamil companies in the second half of the 20th century was the T.K.S. The word entered English before 1200 from Old French safran. Du bist offline. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The poem “Sentamil Nadu” read by Ravishankar Balasubramani. Spanish absorbed many Arabic words during the centuries that the Moors occupied the Iberian Peninsula, 711 to 1492 AD.

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